Cytogenetic and molecular data indicate an involvement of genes mapped to the proximal portion of the short arm of chromosome 7 (7p) in Wilms tumours (WTs). We have analysed 38 WTs using a panel of eight microsatellite markers mapped to proximal 7p. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in tumour, compared with matched constitutional DNA, was identified in eight cases. To define better the minimal region commonly deleted in these tumours, they were analysed with nine additional markers, mapped within the region of interest. One tumour (case 30) showed LOH for only one marker (D7S510), while maintaining heterozygosity for the two immediately flanking loci (D7S555 and D7S668). This result was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridisation analysis, which showed that in the majority (65%) of nuclei from tumour 30 hybridising with a bacterial artificial chromosome clone containing the D7S510 locus, only one signal was visible. Noticeably, both markers defining the limits of the observed deleted region are simultaneously present within two distinct overlapping yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clones mapped to chromosome bands 7p13-p14. This suggests that the maximum length of the missing DNA fragment was approximately 1.3 Mb, corresponding to the length of the smaller of the two YAC clones. In all other cases that showed LOH, the deletion encompassed the 7p13-p14 region. For this reason, we speculate that the identified interval contains a gene whose inactivation is important for the development of at least a fraction of WTs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research