OBJECTIVE - To investigate both rCBF and cerebrovascular reactivity, evaluated as pre- and post-ACZ rCBF differences in a group of IDDM patients with differences in duration of disease and severity of complications. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - rCBF was measured by the 133Xenon inhalation method in 20 IDDM patients and in 15 healthy control subjects before and after an intravenous injection of ACZ, a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor commonly used to assess cerebrovascular reactivity. RESULTS - Basal global CBF (the mean of 32 regional values) was within the normal range in all patients but 1, who showed slight hyperperfusion; moreover, in 3 patients with long-lasting disease, some hypoperfused regions were found. ANOVA showed an inverse correlation between basal global CBF (P <0.01) and duration of diabetes, but no correlation with Hb, MABP, serum glucose concentration, or GHb. Compared with control subjects, the percentage of global CBF increment after ACZ administration was significantly impaired in 4 patients and gave a borderline response in 2 patients; 4 of these poor ACZ responders had retinopathy, and 1 had suffered from a TIA. Duration of diabetes, Hb, MABP, serum glucose concentration, and GHb did not correlate with the percentage of post-ACZ global CBF changes, and did not differ among the 6 poor ACZ responders and the other diabetic patients or control subjects. CONCLUSIONS - These results confirm that global CBF is within the normal range in most IDDM patients, although it is significantly influenced by the duration of diabetes; pathophysiological correlates of the altered cerebrovascular reactivity need to be further investigated. rCBF measurements, before and after ACZ administration, seem to represent a safe and reliable tool for assessing cerebrovascular function in IDDM.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Internal Medicine