To measure the socio-economic development of a country the United Nations, as a result of a program (UNDP), constructed a composite index called the Human Development Index. The HDI is widely used to compare the national performance of countries and to rank them. However, in each country there are significant inter and intra-region disparities on the social, economic and health profile levels. The prevention of infectious diseases through the use of vaccines is a highly cost-effective intervention and immunizations can be considered indicators of a health care system in the area of child health, but not only. In Italy, immunization coverage for optional vaccines is low in comparison with other European countries (in particular for masle) and great variation exists between regions. In order to analyse the regional differences in Italy, the Human Development Index at the Italian regional level was constructed, in accordance with UNDP procedures. The estimates of immunization coverage for measles reported by the Istituto Superiore di Sanita were used, as the results of a survey (ICONA) conducted by them. The results of the study confirm that there are differences in the socio-economic development and immunization coverage among regions in Italy, and these measurements are highly correlated to average regional latitude. There is evidence that differences in socio-sanitary indicators are influenced by the components of the Human Development Index (longevity, knowledge and a decent standard of living).
|Translated title of the contribution||Regional differences in vaccination coverage as health care system indicators, in relation to Human Development Index in Italy|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Giornale Italiano di Farmacia Clinica|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)