Regression-Based Norms for the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised in Italian population and application in MS patients

Ornella Argento, Audrey Smerbeck, Valerio Pisani, Giuseppe Magistrale, Chiara C. Incerti, Carlo Caltagirone, Ralph H B Benedict, Ugo Nocentini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R) is one of the most widely used tests for the assessment of learning and memory in the visual/spatial domain. The aim of this study was to use multiple regression to derive normative data for the use of BVMT-R in an Italian population. Method: We employed a regression-based norms procedure to maximally utilize a relatively small sample while controlling for a variety of demographic factors in addition to age. Additionally, we used these norms to compare the performance of Italian healthy controls with patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS), thereby providing evidence of the method’s validity. Results: A total of 200 healthy volunteers and 70 MS patients participated in this study and completed the BVMT-R according to the published procedures. Regression-based norms were generated for the Italian sample and are presented herein. Conclusions: Using these norms, the performance of the MS patients was found to be significantly worse than that of the controls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Neuropsychologist
Publication statusAccepted/In press - May 14 2016


  • Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised
  • BVMT-R
  • Italian norms
  • multiple sclerosis
  • regression-based norms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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