The Id family of helix-loop-helix proteins is known to be involved in the proliferation and differentiation of several types of cells. The type 1 IGF receptor (IGF-IR) induces either proliferation or differentiation in 32D cells, a murine hemopoietic cell line, depending on the availability of the appropriate substrates for the receptor. We have previously reported that the IGF-IR regulates the expression of the Id2 gene in 32D cells. We now show that the IGF-IR controls the increase in Id2 gene expression through at least three pathways. These three pathways originate from the tyrosine residue at 950, a domain in the C-terminus, and the activation of the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) by the receptor. IRS-1 is the preponderant signal, and its effect on Id2 gene expression requires a functional phosphotyrosine binding domain. With wild-type IRS-1, Id2 gene expression is increased, even in those cells that express IGF-I receptors defective in Id2 signaling. Rapamycin, an inhibitor of p70S6K, a downstream effector of IRS-1 signaling, partially inhibits (but does not completely abrogate) the increase in Id2 gene expression. A mutant IRS-1 with a deletion of the Pleckstrin domain is as effective as wild-type IRS-1 in up-regulating Id2 gene expression. In addition, it seems to increase the stability of p70S6K. Our results indicate that the IGF-IR regulates Id2 gene expression through different pathways. At least in 32D cells, increased Id2 gene expression seems to correlate more with inhibition of differentiation than with proliferation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism