It has been demonstrated that the adenovirus E1A gene products inhibit myogenic differentiation in the mouse C2 muscle cell line. During myogenic differentiation, cell growth and tissue-specific gene expression are mutually exclusive. Since E1A exerts multiple effects on different cellular pathways through alteration of cell growth control and transcriptional regulation, we investigated in more detail the molecular mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect of E1A on myogenic differentiation. To this end, we used mutant derivatives of E1A that lack the 'conserved domain' sequences to which the functional domains of E1A have been mapped, and we observed the effect of constitutive expression of these E1A mutants on myogenesis in the murine C2 muscle cell line. Our results demonstrate that E1A interferes with myogenesis through at least two mechanisms: (i) the inhibition of MyoD expression; (ii) the repression of MyoD-dependent transcriptional activation. In addition, we demonstrate also that the repression of MyoD transcription depends upon sequences located in the N-terminus of E1A and correlates well with the site of E1A/p300 association. Further, the inhibition of transcriptional activation by MyoD depends both on conserved region 1 and on conserved region 2, the two transforming domains of E1A. We demonstrate also that a similar inhibitory effect on the MyoD transactivating function is provided by the polyomavirus and SV40 large T oncoproteins.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Molecular Biology