Regulation of T-Cell Immune Responses by Pro-Resolving Lipid Mediators

Javier Perez-Hernandez, Valerio Chiurchiù, Sylvain Perruche, Sylvaine You

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Both the initiation and the resolution of inflammatory responses are governed by the sequential activation, migration, and control/suppression of immune cells at the site of injury. Bioactive lipids play a major role in the fine-tuning of this dynamic process in a timely manner. During inflammation and its resolution, polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) and macrophages switch from producing pro-inflammatory prostaglandins and leukotrienes to specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators (SPMs), namely, lipoxins, resolvins, protectins, and maresins, which are operative at the local level to limit further inflammation and tissue injury and restore homeostasis. Accumulating evidences expand now the role and actions of these lipid mediators from innate to adaptive immunity. In particular, SPMs have been shown to contribute to the control of chronic inflammation, and alterations in their production and/or function have been associated with the persistence of several pathological conditions, including autoimmunity, in human and experimental models. In this review, we focus on the impact of pro-resolving lipids on T cells through their ability to modulate T-cell responses. In particular, the effects of the different families of SPMs to restrain effector T-cell functions while promoting regulatory T cells will be reviewed, along with the underlying mechanisms. Furthermore, the emerging concept of SPMs as new biological markers for disease diagnostic and progression and as putative therapeutic tools to regulate the development and magnitude of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number768133
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 16 2021

Keywords

  • adaptive immunity
  • autoimmunity
  • chronic inflammation
  • resolution
  • specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators (SPMs)
  • T cell
  • therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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