Rehabilitation of argument structure deficits in aphasia

Anna Bazzini, Giuseppina Zonca, Angela Craca, Elisabetta Cafforio, Fara Cellamare, Caterina Guarnaschelli, Guido Felicetti, Claudio Luzzatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The syntactic impairment which frequently emerges in aphasia is mostly due to damage to the ability to map thematic information to the corresponding verb argument structure (VAS). In agrammatic patients this disorder is usually associated with initiation difficulties.Aims: The present study describes a new technique for the rehabilitation of VAS deficits in the matrix clause.Methods & Procedure: The treatment is organised in six levels, and is based on a set of sentence lists of increasing VAS complexity. The efficacy of the treatment was tested on a sample of five chronic (more than 1 year post-onset) agrammatic patients and three chronic severe non-classifiable aphasic patients suffering from predominant impairment in mapping thematic information to the appropriate VAS. Two sentence list sets were employed: one for the evaluation and treatment phases and the other for the evaluation phase only. Improvement in performance on the first list indicates efficacy of the training programme on the treated material, while improvement on the second list indicates generalisation to untreated material. The treatment efficacy and generalisation to other communicative conditions were also tested with a picture-naming task of nouns and verbs, a picture description task, and a spontaneous speech sample (mean sentence length). The patients' syntactic abilities were tested at the beginning and at the end of the treatment, and again after a 6-12-month follow-up.Outcomes & Results: Patients improved significantly on both lists (i.e., there was significant training effect as well as generalisation effect to the untreated material) and on the verb-naming task, the picture description task, and on mean sentence length in spontaneous speech. The treatment effect was seen to be stable at the 6-12-month follow-up.Conclusions: The VAS training described in the present study is an efficacious technique for the treatment of severe syntactic impairments of the matrix clause; furthermore, the procedure employed for testing the efficacy of the technique is valid for assessing the generalisation of training effects to untreated material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1440-1460
Number of pages21
JournalAphasiology
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Aphasia
  • Argument structure
  • Language rehabilitation
  • Syntactic rehabilitation
  • Treatment efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • LPN and LVN
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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