Reirradiation and lomustine in patients with relapsed high-grade gliomas

Mauro Arcicasa, Mario Roncadin, Ettore Bidoli, Anatolyi Dedkov, Marco Gigante, Mauro G. Trovò

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the toxicity, response, and survival of patients with relapsed high-grade gliomas after radiation therapy (rt) combined with lomustine (CCNU). Methods and Materials: Thirty- one patients with relapsed gliomas at least 6 months after completion of Rt were reirradiated. Twenty-four patients had a pathological diagnosis of high- grade gliomas, whereas 7 had a radiological diagnosis of relapsed malignant gliomas. The study focused on patients with high-grade relapsed gliomas. A total dose of 34.5 Gy was delivered in 23 fractions over 4.5 weeks. Oral administration of CCNU (130 mg/m2) was begun at the same time as RT, and was repeated every 6 weeks until disease progression, or up to 12 courses. Results: Twelve of 24 patients had surgery before RT plus CCNU treatment. Median interval between RT courses was 14 months (range 6-73). All patients received a complete course of RT, and 22 of 24 patients received at least one course of CCNU. Objective responses were seen in 14 evaluable patients: 3 with partial response, 5 with stable disease, and 6 with progressive disease. Duration of partial response was 20, 9, and 8 months. Median time to progression and overall survival from the onset of retreatment were 8.4 months (range 1-22) and 13.7 months (range 1-63+), respectively. One case of G4 thrombocytopenia was observed. Five patients had G1 or G2 leucopenia and 3 patients had G3 leucopenia. Moderate nausea and vomiting were reported in 4 patients. One patient, after one course of CCNU, refused further chemotherapy. No significant difference in survival from relapse was found between patients who underwent surgery before RT plus CCNU and those who received only RT plus CCNU (p = 0.74). Conclusion: Overall, the acute toxicity was moderate, and patient compliance was good. Reirradiation of high-grade glioma was associated with modest subjective and objective response rates. It is remarkable that median overall survival from relapse was 13.7 months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-793
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 1999

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Glioma
  • Radiotherapy
  • Reirradiation
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiation

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