We previously demonstrated that bcl-2 over-expression increases the malignant behaviour of the MCF7 ADR human breast cancer cell line and enhances nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) transcriptional activity. Here, we investigated the direct effect of increased NF-κB activity on the tumorigenicity of MCF7 ADR cells by over-expressing the NF-κB subunit relA/p65. Surprisingly, our results demonstrated that over-expression of relA determines a considerable reduction of the tumorigenic ability in nude mice as indicated by the tumour take and the median time of tumour appearance. In vitro studies also evidenced a reduced cell proliferation and the activation of the apoptotic programme after relA over-expression. Apoptosis was associated with the production of reactive oxygen species, and the cleavage of the specific substrate Poly-ADP-ribose-polymerrase. Our data indicate that there is no general role for NF-κB in the regulation of apoptosis and tumorigenicity. In fact, even though inhibiting NF-κB activity has been reported to be lethal to tumour cells, our findings clearly suggest that an over-induction of nuclear NF-κB activity may produce the same effect.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||British Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- Breast carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research