Previous studies have shown that phentolamine is able to reverse the reflex vasodilatation produced by transitory baroreceptor stimulation by blocking sympathetic, histaminergic, and cholinergic components. A direct anticholinergic action of phentolamine has never been described; however, since it is known that this drug is capable of inhibiting histamine release during the reflex vasodilatation, it is possible that its ability to block the cholinergic component of the reflex is related to the latter property. Therefore, this study was undertaken in an attempt to identify possible relationships between cholinergic and histaminergic components of the reflex vasodilatation. Accordingly, in mongrel dogs the gracilis muscle was isolated and perfused and then loaded with 14C-labeled histamine. A transistory systemic hypertension was induced by intravenous injection of norepinephrine; this produced a reflex vasodilatation, shown by the fall in perfusion pressure, which was accompanied by an increase of histamine release from the muscle. Vagal block induced by atropine pretreatment reduced the fall in perfusion pressure induced by the systemic hypertension and produced a reduction of histamine release during the vasodilatation. In another group of animals, a vasodilatation in the perfused muscle was induced by injection of acetylcholine. This response was accompanied by an increase in histamine release from the gracilis muscle. Alpha-receptor blockade, which has been shown to inhibit histamine release, reduced this acetylcholine-induced vasodilatation. These results, while confirming the participation of the cholinergic system in the reflex vasodilatation elicited by transitory stimulation of the arterial baroreceptors, seem to demonstrate that this component is mediated almost exclusively by histamine release.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1978|
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