BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder characterized by extracellular plaques, intracellular neurofibrillary tangles and neuronal loss in the central nervous system (CNS). Pathogens are suspected to have a role in the development of AD; herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), in particular, is suggested to be a risk factor for the disease. The gamma receptor for the Fc portion of IgG molecules (FCGRs) plays a crucial role in regulating immune responses, and among FCGRs, FCGRIIB is endowed with an inhibitory function. Notably, the rs1050501 polymorphism of FCGRIIB gene associates with autoimmune diseases and with neuronal uptake and interneuronal accumulation of amyloid beta in animal AD models. METHODS: Genotype and allelic distribution of ApoE4 and FCGRIIB rs1050501 were evaluated in a case-control population of 225 AD patients, 93 MCI individuals and 201 sex and age matched healthy controls (HC). HSV-1 total IgG titers and IgG subclasses were detected and quantified in a subgroup of the main study population by ELISA. RESULTS: Genotype and allelic distribution of FCGRIIB was comparable in the study population. HSV-1-specific antibody titers were significantly higher in AD and MCI compared to HC (p < 0.01 for both); IgG3 titers, in particular, were increased in MCI compared to AD (p = 0.04). Analyses of possible correlations between the FCGRIIB rs1050501 genotype polymorphism and IgG subclasses showed that the presence of IgG3 was more frequent in MCI carrying the FCGRIIB TT (94.1%) compared to those carrying the CT genotype (63.6%) (p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Results herein show an association between humoral immune response against HSV-1 and FCGRIIB rs1050501 genetic variation in the first stage of the disease.
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV-1)
- Mild Cognitive Impairment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)