Objective - To compare the morphology of the pulmonary vessels in tetralogy of Fallot or pulmonary atresia-ventricular septal defect (PA-VSD) with (de122q) and without 22q11 deletion (non-de122q). Patients - 94 consecutive infants (54 with tetralogy of Fallot, 40 with PA-VSD) were studied using ultrasound and catheterisation. Molecular investigation - Identification of the 22q deletion was performed either by fluorescent in situ hybridisation or polymerisation chain reaction genotyping. Results - 25 patients were de122q (16/40 (40%) PA-VSD v 9/54 (17%) tetralogy of Fallot; p <0.02). Major aortopulmonary collateral arteries was more common in patients with PA-VSD-de122q (p <0.03). Such collaterals were identified in 13 patients: 10 de122q and three non-de122q (p <0.001). The size of the right and left pulmonary arteries expressed as a standard deviation (SD) difference of the normal range was -4.2 (quartiles -5.3 and -2.9) for PA-VSD de122q, and -2.6 (-3.1 and -1.8) for PA-VSD non-de122q (p = 0.02). The mean (SD) difference between the measured and theoretical Nakata index was -373 (94) for PA-VSD de122q v -245 (93) in PA-VSD non-de122q (p = 0.0002). In tetralogy of Fallot patients with and without de122q, the size of the pulmonary arteries was similar (p = 0.6). Conclusions - A 'specific' phenotype could be defined in patients with deletion: PA-VSD, major aortopulmonary collateral arteries with complex loop morphology, and small central pulmonary arteries. Differences in the morphology of the pulmonary vessels may indicate a different timing of the faulty developmental pathway in patients with and without 22q1l deletion.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
- 22q deletion
- Congenital heart disease
- Tetralogy of Fallot
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine