Introduction and Objectives. Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) present altered geometry and dynamics of the mitral annulus (MA). We aimed to further assess the relationship between the MA dysfunction, FMR severity, and LA dysfunction in patients with ischemic and nonischemic DCM by using three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE). Methods. 56 patients (58 ± 17 years, 42 men) with DCM and FMR and 52 controls, prospectively enrolled, underwent 3DTTE dedicated for mitral valve (MV), LA, and left ventricle (LV) quantitative analysis. Results. Patients with FMR vs. controls presented increased MA size and sphericity during the entire systole, whereas MA fractional area change (MAFAC) and MA displacement were decreased (15 ± 5 vs. 28 ± 5%; and 5 ± 3 vs. 10 ± 2 mm, p<0.001). In patients with moderate/severe FMR, MA diameters correlated with PISA radius, EROA, and regurgitant volume (Rvol), as also did the MA area (with PISA radius, EROA, and Rvol: r = 0.48, r = 0.58, and r = 0.47, p<0.05). MAFAC correlated inversely with EROA and Rvol (r = -0.32 and r = -0.35, p<0.05), with both active and total LA emptying fractions and with LV ejection fraction as well. In a stepwise multivariate regression model, decreased MAFAC and increased LA volume independently predicted patients with severe FMR. Conclusions. Patients with DCM and FMR have MA geometry remodeling and contractile dysfunction, correlated with the severity of FMR. MA contractile dysfunction correlated with both LA and left LV pumps dysfunctions and predicted patients with severe FMR. Our results provide new insights that might help with better selection of patients for MV transcatheter procedures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine