Relations Between Sleep and Temperament in Preschool Children With ADHD

Maria Grazia Melegari, Stefania Sette, Elena Vittori, Luca Mallia, Alessandra Devoto, Fabio Lucidi, Raffaele Ferri, Oliviero Bruni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the links between temperament and sleep in a group of preschoolers with ADHD.

METHOD: Twenty-five ADHD ( M = 5.37 years, SD = 1.09) and 22 typically developing (TD; M = 5.10, SD = 1.18) preschoolers participated in the study. Sleep was assessed with the Sleep Disturbance Scale and wrist actigraphy. The Preschool Temperament and Character Inventory (PsTCI) was used to evaluate the child temperament.

RESULTS: ADHD children showed a temperamental profile characterized by higher novelty seeking, lower persistence, self-directness, and cooperativeness and marginally lower harm avoidance (HA) compared with controls. HA was associated negatively to wakefulness after sleep onset and sleep fragmentation and positively with sleep efficiency and sleep time. Reward dependence was negatively associated with wake episode length.

CONCLUSION: Sleep and temperament are correlated in preschoolers with ADHD and temperament might represent an intermediate endophenotype underlying the relation between ADHD and sleep disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1087054718757645
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Feb 1 2018

Fingerprint

Temperament
Preschool Children
Sleep
Actigraphy
Endophenotypes
Sleep Deprivation
Wakefulness
Wrist
Reward
Efficiency
Equipment and Supplies

Cite this

Melegari, M. G., Sette, S., Vittori, E., Mallia, L., Devoto, A., Lucidi, F., ... Bruni, O. (2018). Relations Between Sleep and Temperament in Preschool Children With ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 1087054718757645. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054718757645

Relations Between Sleep and Temperament in Preschool Children With ADHD. / Melegari, Maria Grazia; Sette, Stefania; Vittori, Elena; Mallia, Luca; Devoto, Alessandra; Lucidi, Fabio; Ferri, Raffaele; Bruni, Oliviero.

In: Journal of Attention Disorders, 01.02.2018, p. 1087054718757645.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Melegari, MG, Sette, S, Vittori, E, Mallia, L, Devoto, A, Lucidi, F, Ferri, R & Bruni, O 2018, 'Relations Between Sleep and Temperament in Preschool Children With ADHD', Journal of Attention Disorders, pp. 1087054718757645. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054718757645
Melegari MG, Sette S, Vittori E, Mallia L, Devoto A, Lucidi F et al. Relations Between Sleep and Temperament in Preschool Children With ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders. 2018 Feb 1;1087054718757645. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054718757645
Melegari, Maria Grazia ; Sette, Stefania ; Vittori, Elena ; Mallia, Luca ; Devoto, Alessandra ; Lucidi, Fabio ; Ferri, Raffaele ; Bruni, Oliviero. / Relations Between Sleep and Temperament in Preschool Children With ADHD. In: Journal of Attention Disorders. 2018 ; pp. 1087054718757645.
@article{760929a481124f9ea071f51d27161b4b,
title = "Relations Between Sleep and Temperament in Preschool Children With ADHD",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the links between temperament and sleep in a group of preschoolers with ADHD.METHOD: Twenty-five ADHD ( M = 5.37 years, SD = 1.09) and 22 typically developing (TD; M = 5.10, SD = 1.18) preschoolers participated in the study. Sleep was assessed with the Sleep Disturbance Scale and wrist actigraphy. The Preschool Temperament and Character Inventory (PsTCI) was used to evaluate the child temperament.RESULTS: ADHD children showed a temperamental profile characterized by higher novelty seeking, lower persistence, self-directness, and cooperativeness and marginally lower harm avoidance (HA) compared with controls. HA was associated negatively to wakefulness after sleep onset and sleep fragmentation and positively with sleep efficiency and sleep time. Reward dependence was negatively associated with wake episode length.CONCLUSION: Sleep and temperament are correlated in preschoolers with ADHD and temperament might represent an intermediate endophenotype underlying the relation between ADHD and sleep disorders.",
author = "Melegari, {Maria Grazia} and Stefania Sette and Elena Vittori and Luca Mallia and Alessandra Devoto and Fabio Lucidi and Raffaele Ferri and Oliviero Bruni",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1087054718757645",
language = "English",
pages = "1087054718757645",
journal = "Journal of Attention Disorders",
issn = "1087-0547",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relations Between Sleep and Temperament in Preschool Children With ADHD

AU - Melegari, Maria Grazia

AU - Sette, Stefania

AU - Vittori, Elena

AU - Mallia, Luca

AU - Devoto, Alessandra

AU - Lucidi, Fabio

AU - Ferri, Raffaele

AU - Bruni, Oliviero

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the links between temperament and sleep in a group of preschoolers with ADHD.METHOD: Twenty-five ADHD ( M = 5.37 years, SD = 1.09) and 22 typically developing (TD; M = 5.10, SD = 1.18) preschoolers participated in the study. Sleep was assessed with the Sleep Disturbance Scale and wrist actigraphy. The Preschool Temperament and Character Inventory (PsTCI) was used to evaluate the child temperament.RESULTS: ADHD children showed a temperamental profile characterized by higher novelty seeking, lower persistence, self-directness, and cooperativeness and marginally lower harm avoidance (HA) compared with controls. HA was associated negatively to wakefulness after sleep onset and sleep fragmentation and positively with sleep efficiency and sleep time. Reward dependence was negatively associated with wake episode length.CONCLUSION: Sleep and temperament are correlated in preschoolers with ADHD and temperament might represent an intermediate endophenotype underlying the relation between ADHD and sleep disorders.

AB - OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the links between temperament and sleep in a group of preschoolers with ADHD.METHOD: Twenty-five ADHD ( M = 5.37 years, SD = 1.09) and 22 typically developing (TD; M = 5.10, SD = 1.18) preschoolers participated in the study. Sleep was assessed with the Sleep Disturbance Scale and wrist actigraphy. The Preschool Temperament and Character Inventory (PsTCI) was used to evaluate the child temperament.RESULTS: ADHD children showed a temperamental profile characterized by higher novelty seeking, lower persistence, self-directness, and cooperativeness and marginally lower harm avoidance (HA) compared with controls. HA was associated negatively to wakefulness after sleep onset and sleep fragmentation and positively with sleep efficiency and sleep time. Reward dependence was negatively associated with wake episode length.CONCLUSION: Sleep and temperament are correlated in preschoolers with ADHD and temperament might represent an intermediate endophenotype underlying the relation between ADHD and sleep disorders.

U2 - 10.1177/1087054718757645

DO - 10.1177/1087054718757645

M3 - Article

C2 - 29468918

SP - 1087054718757645

JO - Journal of Attention Disorders

JF - Journal of Attention Disorders

SN - 1087-0547

ER -