Relationship between gait initiation and disability in individuals affected by multiple sclerosis

Manuela Galli, Giancarlo Coghe, Paola Sanna, Eleonora Cocco, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Massimiliano Pau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study analyzes how multiple sclerosis (MS) does affect one of the most common voluntary activities in life: the gait initiation (GI). The main aim of the work is to characterize the execution of this task by measuring and comparing relevant parameters based on center of pressure (COP) patterns and to study the relationship between these and the level of expanded disability status scale (EDSS). To this aim, 95 MS subjects with an average EDSS score of 2.4 and 35 healthy subjects were tested using a force platform during the transition from standing posture to gait. COP time-series were acquired and processed to extract a number of parameters related to the trajectory followed by the COP. The statistical analysis revealed that only a few measurements were statistically different between the two groups and only these were subsequently correlated with EDSS score. The correlation analysis underlined that a progressive alteration of the task execution can be directly related with the increase of EDSS score. These finding suggest that most of the impairment found in people with MS comes from the first part of the COP pattern, the anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). The central nervous system performs APAs before every voluntary movement to minimize balance perturbation due to the movement itself. Gait Initiation's APAs consist in some ankle muscles contractions that induce a backward COP shift to the swing limb. The analysis here performed highlighted that MS affected patients have a reduced posterior COP shift that reveals that the anticipatory mechanism is impaired.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-597
Number of pages4
JournalMultiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2015

Keywords

  • Balance
  • Gait
  • Gait initiation
  • Multiple sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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