Purpose. Subcellular Ca2+ signaling patterns, such as Ca2+ waves, gradients, and oscillations, are an important aspect of cell regulation, but the molecular basis for these signaling patterns is not understood. Because Ca2+ release patterns differ among isoforms of the inositol 1,4,5- trisphosphate (InsP3) receptor, the relationship between the distribution of these isoforms and subcellular Ca2+ signaling patterns in nonpigmented epithelial (NPE) cells was investigated. Methods. The distributions of the types I, II, and III InsP3 receptors were determined in NPE cells by immunofluorescence, and subcellular Ca2+ signaling patterns in these cells were examined by confocal line scanning microscopy. Results. The type I InsP3 receptor was concentrated at the basal pole of NPE cells, whereas the type III receptor was localized to the apical pole. The type II InsP3 receptor was not expressed in detectable amounts. Acetylcholine induced increases in Ca2+ that were mediated by InsP3, and these Ca2+ increases began as Ca2+ waves that were initiated at the apical pole, in the region of the type III InsP3 receptor. Acetylcholine occasionally induced sustained or repetitive Ca2+ increases that were prominent at the basal pole, in the region of the type I InsP3 receptor, but only subtle or absent apically. Conclusions. Because the type I InsP3 receptor is thought to be responsible for repetitive Ca2+ release events, and the type III InsP3 receptor instead is suited to initiate Ca2+ signals, the subcellular distribution of these two isoforms corresponds to the Ca2+ signaling patterns observed in this cell type. Differential subcellular expression of InsP3 receptor isoforms may be an important molecular mechanism by which NPE cells organize their Ca2+ signals in space and time.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1999|
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