Relationship between spectral components of cardiovascular variabilities and direct measures of muscle sympathetic nerve activity in humans

Massimo Pagani, Nicola Montano, Alberto Porta, Alberto Malliani, Francois M. Abboud, Clay Birkett, Virend K. Somers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Spectral analysis of RR interval and systolic arterial pressure variabilities may provide indirect markers of the balance between sympathetic and vagal cardiovascular control. Methods and Results: We examined the relationship between power spectral measurements of variabilities in RR interval, systolic arterial pressure, and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) obtained by microneurography over a range of blood pressures. In eight healthy human volunteers, MSNA, RR interval, intra-arterial pressure, and respiration were measured during blood pressure reductions induced by nitroprusside and during blood pressure increases induced by phenylephrine. Both low-frequency (LF; 0.10±0.01 Hz) and high- frequency (HF; 0.23±0.01 Hz) components were detected in MSNA variability. Increasing levels of MSNA were associated with a shift of the spectral power toward its LF component. Decreasing levels of MSNA were associated with a shift of MSNA spectral power toward the HF component. Over the range of pressure changes, the LF component of MSNA variability was positively and tightly correlated with LF components of RR interval (in normalized units; P-6) and of systolic arterial pressure variability (both in millimeters of mercury squared and normalized units; P-5 and P-6, respectively). The HF component of MSNA variability was positively and tightly correlated with the HF component (in normalized units) of RR- interval variability (P-4) and of systolic arterial pressure variability (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1441-1448
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation
Volume95
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • blood pressure
  • heart rate
  • nervous system, autonomic
  • vagus nerve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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