Purpose: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers in western countries. Identification of circulating markers for CRC would optimize early stage diagnosis and the monitoring for disease recurrence. Expression of telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is essential to the oncogenic process and might be used as a molecular marker of neoplastic disease. Experimental Design: Eighty-five CRC samples (25 stage I, 15 stage II, 15 stage III, and 30 stage IV), the available corresponding noncancerous mucosa (n = 42), and plasma collected at the time of surgery (n = 49) were analyzed. Control plasma samples were obtained from 43 age-matched healthy subjects. All hTERT transcripts (hTERT-AT) and transcripts encoding the functional protein (hTERT-FL) were quantified by real-time PCR. Results: hTERT-AT was found to correlate with hTERT-FL (r = 0.849; P <0.0001) mRNA levels in tumors. Both hTERT mRNAs were significantly higher in tumors than in adjacent noncancerous mucosa and both significantly increased with tumor progression (P <0.0001). In contrast to controls, all but two plasma samples from CRC patients were positive for hTERT mRNAs. Using the cutoff value of 180 copies hTERT-AT/mL, the sensitivity and specificity of the assay for CRC detection were 92% and 100%, respectively. Furthermore, hTERT-AT mRNA levels in plasma significantly correlated with hTERT-AT mRNA levels in tumors (r = 0.702, P <0.0001). Conclusions: These findings indicate that quantification of hTERT mRNA in plasma may be used as a marker for detection and monitoring of neoplastic colorectal disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research