Relationship of job satisfaction, psychological distress and stress-related biological parameters among healthy nurses: A longitudinal study

Monica Amati, Marco Tomasetti, Marida Ciuccarelli, Laura Mariotti, Lucia Miria Tarquini, Massimo Bracci, Maurizio Baldassari, Cristian Balducci, Renata Alleva, Battista Borghi, Eugenio Mocchegiani, Alfredo Copertaro, Lory Santarelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To examine the relationship between job satisfaction, psychological distress, psychosocial processes and stress-related biological factors, and to evaluate whether over time changes of work satisfaction could affect the immunological-inflammatory status of workers. Methods: One hundred and one nurses were enrolled at the Clinic of Occupational Medicine, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy. Perceived job satisfaction, psychological distress, and social support were assessed every 4 mo over a 1-yr period using 4 self-reported questionnaires. T lymphocytes CD3, CD4+, CD8+, CD8+-CD57+, B lymphocyte CD19+, NK cells CD56+, and NK cell activity were determined. Results: Job satisfaction was associated with reduced psychological distress and was characterized by low cell numbers of CD8+ suppressor T cells, CD8+-CD57+ related to changes in the immunological-inflammatory variables. Subjects who increased their job satisfaction showed a reduced psychological stress associated with reduced number of CD8+-CD57+ activated T cells and inflammatory cytokines. Conclusions: Job (dis)satisfaction is related with psychological mechanisms in stress affecting cellular immune function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-38
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Occupational Health
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Immunological parameters
  • Job satisfaction
  • Lymphocytes
  • Nurses
  • Psychological stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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