It is now generally acknowledged that the functioning of the cardiovascular system is determined in large part by attitudes, emotions, anxiety and distress . Resulting clinical implications include the use of behavioral and psychological interventions during cardiac rehabilitation in order to achieve relaxation , which can be defined as a state of physiological distension aimed at re-balancing changes deriving from distressful conditions. Relaxation techniques and hypnosis have become particularly relevant in treatment programs aimed at stress management and homeostatic rebalancing, since a continuous state of arousal can, in the long run, result in damage or dysfunction cardiovascular system. Many authors, however, argue that techniques aimed at achieving a relaxation condition can be considered elective in the treatment of cardiovascular disease -.
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