Release of platelet-activating factor (PAF) and histamine II. The cellular origin of human PAF: Monocytes, polymorphonuclear neutrophils and basophils

G. Camussi, M. Aglietta, R. Coda, F. Bussolino, W. Piacibello, C. Tetta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The origin of platelet activating factor (PAF) from human leucocytes was investigated. Purified monocytes release PAF passively at pH 10.6, when challenged with Ionophore A 23187 or under phagocytic stimuli. Pure preparations of polymorphonuclear neutrophils liberate PAF passively, when challenged with C5a, neutrophil cationic proteins (CP), their carboxypeptidase B derived products (C5a des Arg, CP des Arg) or under phagocytic stimuli. Basophil rich buffy coat cells release PAF when challenged with C5a, CP, anti-IgE (in low amount) or Synacthen concomitantly with basophil degranulation and histamine release. Electron microscopy studies, carried out on Synacthen-stimulated basophil rich buffy coat, provide morphological evidence for platelet-basophil interactin. In conclusion our data demonstrate that PAF can be released from different leucocyte populations. However, the stimuli able to trigger such release appear to have some specificity for the cell target.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-199
Number of pages9
JournalImmunology
Volume42
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1981

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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