Relevance of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist intron-2 polymorphism in ischemic stroke

Davide Seripa, Aldo Dobrina, Maurizio Margaglione, Maria Giovanna Matera, Carolina Gravina, Elena Vecile, Vito Michele Fazio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Evidence of inflammatory phenomena associated with atherosclerotic plaques is extensive. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is one of the key modulators of the inflammatory response, and its activity is critically regulated by its receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra). A variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) in intron 2 of the human IL-1Ra shows a common polymorphism that has been related to different production of IL-1Ra and IL-1 proteins. In monocytes, the less common allele 2 has been associated with an increased production of IL-1Ra and a decreased production of IL-1. Moreover, a cooperative effect with a C to T polymorphism in the promoter of IL-1β gene (C-511→T) has been described. In the present study, we investigated the frequency of these polymorphisms in 110 subjects who survived an ischemic stroke, in 101 healthy age-matched individuals, and in a population-based sample of 1,303 healthy Italians. The frequency of the IL-1Ra 1/1 genotype was significantly higher in stroke survivors with respect to age-matched controls (77.2 and 45.5%, respectively; p <0.001), and to the wide group of healthy Italians (77.2 and 51.9%, respectively; p <0.001). As expected, the estimated frequency of the IL-1Ra allele 1 (Ra*1 allele) in stroke survivors was higher than in age-matched controls (0.851 and 0.664, respectively; p <0.001) and in healthy Italians (0.851 and 0.717, respectively; p <0.001). Thus, ischemic stroke survivors that carry the Ra*1 allele showed a strong association with the disease with respect to age-matched controls [odds ratio (OR) = 3.905; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.110-7.229] and healthy Italians [OR = 3.256 (95% CI, 1.971-5.379)]. No significant association was seen for the IL-1β (C-511→T) polymorphism. However, in stroke survivors, an association between the Ra*1 allele and the C allele of the IL-1β (-511) polymorphism was found (p <0.001). Our results implicate the IL-1Ra gene in the susceptibility to ischemic stroke, and suggest that IL-1Ra genotyping may be useful in the identification of patient subgroups for pharmacological intervention in IL-1 production or actions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-281
Number of pages6
JournalCerebrovascular Diseases
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Genetics
  • Interleukins
  • Risk factors
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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