Relevance of monoclonal antibodies in the diagnosis of unusual T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

R. Foa, F. Caligaris Cappio, D. Campana, M. T. Fierro, L. Bergui, M. C. Giubellino, P. Lusso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

3 Cases of adult acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), the T-cell nature of which was identified only using a panel of monoclonal antibodies (MoAb), are described. All cases were E-rosette negative, surface immunoglobulin (SmIg) negative, common ALL (CALLA) antigen negative, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) positive, and acid phosphatase positive. The T-cell origin of the blasts was demonstrated by the positivity with RFA-1, a MoAb which detects an antigen of MW-65-69,000 present on the membrane of thymocytes and mature T-lymphocytes. In addition, 2 of the 3 cases were positive with OKT6, which recognizes cortical thymocytes. MoAb directed against more mature T lineage cells (OKT3, OKT4, OKT8, OKT11A) were consistently negative (≤12%). These findings indicate that the use of a combination of MoAb is important in detecting individual cases of T-ALL, which otherwise might be classified as undifferentiated acute leukaemia or null-ALL. MoAb detecting T-cell antigenic determinant of MW 65-69,000 (e.g. RFA-1, OKT1, Leu1) appear the most specific reagents for T-ALL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-307
Number of pages5
JournalScandinavian Journal of Haematology
Volume30
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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