Relevance of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in cystic fibrosis

S. Stefani, S. Campana, L. Cariani, V. Carnovale, C. Colombo, M. M. Lleo, V. D. Iula, L. Minicucci, P. Morelli, G. Pizzamiglio, G. Taccetti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important issue for physicians who take care of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Here, we review the latest research on how P. aeruginosa infection causes lung function to decline and how several factors contribute to the emergence of antibiotic resistance in P. aeruginosa strains and influence the course of the infection course. However, many aspects of the practical management of patients with CF infected with MDR P. aeruginosa are still to be established. Less is known about the exact role of susceptibility testing in clinical strategies for dealing with resistant infections, and there is an urgent need to find a tool to assist in choosing the best therapeutic strategy for MDR P. aeruginosa infection. One current perception is that the selection of antibiotic therapy according to antibiogram results is an important component of the decision-making process, but other patient factors, such as previous infection history and antibiotic courses, also need to be evaluated. On the basis of the known issues and the best current data on respiratory infections caused by MDR P. aeruginosa, this review provides practical suggestions to optimize the diagnostic and therapeutic management of patients with CF who are infected with these pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-362
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Microbiology
Volume307
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

Keywords

  • Antibiotic therapy
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Lung infection
  • Multidrug resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Relevance of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in cystic fibrosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this