Relevance of vitamin D deficiency in patients with chronic autoimmune atrophic gastritis: A prospective study

Sara Massironi, Federica Cavalcoli, Alessandra Zilli, Alessandro Del Gobbo, Clorinda Ciafardini, Susanna Bernasconi, Irene Felicetta, Dario Conte, Maddalena Peracchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: Chronic autoimmune atrophic gastritis (CAAG) is an autoimmune disease characterized by hypo/achlorhydria. A role of CAAG in the pathogenesis of nutritional deficiencies has been reported, therefore we hypothesized a possible association between CAAG and 25-OH-Vitamin D [25(OH)D] deficiency. Aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency in CAAG patients. Methods: 87 CAAG patients (71 females; mean age 63.5 ± 12.8 years) followed at our Centre from January 2012 to July 2015 were consecutively evaluated. 25(OH)D, vitamin B12, parathormone, and calcium were measured in all the CAAG patients. The results were compared with a control group of 1232 healthy subjects. Results: In the CAAG group the mean 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower than in the control group (18.8 vs. 27.0 ng/ml, p < 0.0001). 25(OH)D levels < 20 ng/ml was observed in 57 patients, while levels < 12.5 ng/ml in 27 patients. A significant correlation between vitamin B12 values at diagnosis and 25(OH)D levels was observed (rs = 0.25, p = 0.01). Interestingly, the CAAG patients with moderate/severe gastric atrophy had lower 25(OH)D values as compared to those with mild atrophy (11.8 vs. 20 ng/ml; p = 0.0047). Moreover, the 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower in CAAG patients with gastric carcinoid as compared to those without gastric carcinoid (11.8 vs. 19.8 ng/ml; p = 0,0041). Conclusion: Data from the present study showed a significant reduction of 25(OH)D levels in CAAG patients and a possible impairment of vitamin D absorption in CAAG may be postulated. Any implication to the genesis of gastric carcinoids remains to be elucidated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number172
JournalBMC Gastroenterology
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 8 2018

Fingerprint

Atrophic Gastritis
Vitamin D Deficiency
Prospective Studies
Vitamin D
Stomach
Carcinoid Tumor
Vitamin B 12
Atrophy
Achlorhydria
hydroxide ion
Control Groups
Parathyroid Hormone
Malnutrition
Autoimmune Diseases
Healthy Volunteers

Keywords

  • Bone health
  • Chronic autoimmune atrophic gastritis
  • Gastric carcinoid
  • Osteoporosis
  • Vitamin D deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Relevance of vitamin D deficiency in patients with chronic autoimmune atrophic gastritis : A prospective study. / Massironi, Sara; Cavalcoli, Federica; Zilli, Alessandra; Del Gobbo, Alessandro; Ciafardini, Clorinda; Bernasconi, Susanna; Felicetta, Irene; Conte, Dario; Peracchi, Maddalena.

In: BMC Gastroenterology, Vol. 18, No. 1, 172, 08.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Massironi, Sara ; Cavalcoli, Federica ; Zilli, Alessandra ; Del Gobbo, Alessandro ; Ciafardini, Clorinda ; Bernasconi, Susanna ; Felicetta, Irene ; Conte, Dario ; Peracchi, Maddalena. / Relevance of vitamin D deficiency in patients with chronic autoimmune atrophic gastritis : A prospective study. In: BMC Gastroenterology. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: Chronic autoimmune atrophic gastritis (CAAG) is an autoimmune disease characterized by hypo/achlorhydria. A role of CAAG in the pathogenesis of nutritional deficiencies has been reported, therefore we hypothesized a possible association between CAAG and 25-OH-Vitamin D [25(OH)D] deficiency. Aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency in CAAG patients. Methods: 87 CAAG patients (71 females; mean age 63.5 ± 12.8 years) followed at our Centre from January 2012 to July 2015 were consecutively evaluated. 25(OH)D, vitamin B12, parathormone, and calcium were measured in all the CAAG patients. The results were compared with a control group of 1232 healthy subjects. Results: In the CAAG group the mean 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower than in the control group (18.8 vs. 27.0 ng/ml, p < 0.0001). 25(OH)D levels < 20 ng/ml was observed in 57 patients, while levels < 12.5 ng/ml in 27 patients. A significant correlation between vitamin B12 values at diagnosis and 25(OH)D levels was observed (rs = 0.25, p = 0.01). Interestingly, the CAAG patients with moderate/severe gastric atrophy had lower 25(OH)D values as compared to those with mild atrophy (11.8 vs. 20 ng/ml; p = 0.0047). Moreover, the 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower in CAAG patients with gastric carcinoid as compared to those without gastric carcinoid (11.8 vs. 19.8 ng/ml; p = 0,0041). Conclusion: Data from the present study showed a significant reduction of 25(OH)D levels in CAAG patients and a possible impairment of vitamin D absorption in CAAG may be postulated. Any implication to the genesis of gastric carcinoids remains to be elucidated.",
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T1 - Relevance of vitamin D deficiency in patients with chronic autoimmune atrophic gastritis

T2 - A prospective study

AU - Massironi, Sara

AU - Cavalcoli, Federica

AU - Zilli, Alessandra

AU - Del Gobbo, Alessandro

AU - Ciafardini, Clorinda

AU - Bernasconi, Susanna

AU - Felicetta, Irene

AU - Conte, Dario

AU - Peracchi, Maddalena

PY - 2018/11/8

Y1 - 2018/11/8

N2 - Background: Chronic autoimmune atrophic gastritis (CAAG) is an autoimmune disease characterized by hypo/achlorhydria. A role of CAAG in the pathogenesis of nutritional deficiencies has been reported, therefore we hypothesized a possible association between CAAG and 25-OH-Vitamin D [25(OH)D] deficiency. Aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency in CAAG patients. Methods: 87 CAAG patients (71 females; mean age 63.5 ± 12.8 years) followed at our Centre from January 2012 to July 2015 were consecutively evaluated. 25(OH)D, vitamin B12, parathormone, and calcium were measured in all the CAAG patients. The results were compared with a control group of 1232 healthy subjects. Results: In the CAAG group the mean 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower than in the control group (18.8 vs. 27.0 ng/ml, p < 0.0001). 25(OH)D levels < 20 ng/ml was observed in 57 patients, while levels < 12.5 ng/ml in 27 patients. A significant correlation between vitamin B12 values at diagnosis and 25(OH)D levels was observed (rs = 0.25, p = 0.01). Interestingly, the CAAG patients with moderate/severe gastric atrophy had lower 25(OH)D values as compared to those with mild atrophy (11.8 vs. 20 ng/ml; p = 0.0047). Moreover, the 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower in CAAG patients with gastric carcinoid as compared to those without gastric carcinoid (11.8 vs. 19.8 ng/ml; p = 0,0041). Conclusion: Data from the present study showed a significant reduction of 25(OH)D levels in CAAG patients and a possible impairment of vitamin D absorption in CAAG may be postulated. Any implication to the genesis of gastric carcinoids remains to be elucidated.

AB - Background: Chronic autoimmune atrophic gastritis (CAAG) is an autoimmune disease characterized by hypo/achlorhydria. A role of CAAG in the pathogenesis of nutritional deficiencies has been reported, therefore we hypothesized a possible association between CAAG and 25-OH-Vitamin D [25(OH)D] deficiency. Aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency in CAAG patients. Methods: 87 CAAG patients (71 females; mean age 63.5 ± 12.8 years) followed at our Centre from January 2012 to July 2015 were consecutively evaluated. 25(OH)D, vitamin B12, parathormone, and calcium were measured in all the CAAG patients. The results were compared with a control group of 1232 healthy subjects. Results: In the CAAG group the mean 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower than in the control group (18.8 vs. 27.0 ng/ml, p < 0.0001). 25(OH)D levels < 20 ng/ml was observed in 57 patients, while levels < 12.5 ng/ml in 27 patients. A significant correlation between vitamin B12 values at diagnosis and 25(OH)D levels was observed (rs = 0.25, p = 0.01). Interestingly, the CAAG patients with moderate/severe gastric atrophy had lower 25(OH)D values as compared to those with mild atrophy (11.8 vs. 20 ng/ml; p = 0.0047). Moreover, the 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower in CAAG patients with gastric carcinoid as compared to those without gastric carcinoid (11.8 vs. 19.8 ng/ml; p = 0,0041). Conclusion: Data from the present study showed a significant reduction of 25(OH)D levels in CAAG patients and a possible impairment of vitamin D absorption in CAAG may be postulated. Any implication to the genesis of gastric carcinoids remains to be elucidated.

KW - Bone health

KW - Chronic autoimmune atrophic gastritis

KW - Gastric carcinoid

KW - Osteoporosis

KW - Vitamin D deficiency

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