Thymic epithelial tumors are rare malignancies. Thymic carcinoma represents about 20% of all thymic epithelial tumors and has aggressive behavior, with a greater tendency to metastatic spread. Thymic carcinoma is often diagnosed in advanced stages for which systemic treatment is the main therapeutic option. The association of chemotherapy and antiangiogenic agents in the first-line setting has never been investigated in this very rare cancer. However, preclinical and clinical evidence has suggested that inhibition of angiogenesis could be beneficial. The RELEVENT trial is a multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase II study aimed at investigating the activity and safety of ramucirumab combined with paclitaxel and carboplatin in chemotherapy-naive patients affected by thymic carcinoma or B3 thymoma with area of carcinoma. The primary endpoint of the trial is the overall response rate. Progression-free survival, overall survival, and safety are secondary endpoints. Patient-reported outcomes will be collected at each visit. The mutational status of a subset of genes, polymorphisms, and selected micro-RNA expression will be evaluated.