Reliability and validity of the Italian nose obstruction symptom evaluation (I-NOSE) scale.

Francesco Mozzanica, Emanuele Urbani, Murat Atac, Gianluca Scottà, Ketty Luciano, Chiara Bulgheroni, Valeria De Cristofaro, Roberto Gera, Antonio Schindler, Francesco Ottaviani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The NOSE scale is a questionnaire assessing QOL related with nasal obstruction. The aim of this study was to culturally adapt the NOSE scale into Italian (I-NOSE). Prospective instrument validation study. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation were accomplished. Cronbach α was used to test internal consistency in 116 patients complaining nasal obstruction and 232 asymptomatic subjects. Pearson and ICC tests were used for test-retest reliability analysis. Normative data were gathered from the 232 asymptomatic subjects. Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the I-NOSE scores in patients and asymptomatic subjects and in 40 patients before and after septoplasty. I-NOSE scores obtained in 60 patients were correlated with rhinomanometric results and with the score of a visual analog scale (VAS) measuring the subjective sensation of nasal obstruction. Good internal consistency and good test-retest reliability were found. I-NOSE mean score of the normal cohort was 12.1 ± 13.2. Asymptomatic subjects scored lower than patients with nasal obstruction (p = 0.001). Positive correlations between I-NOSE scores and VAS and rhinomanometric results were found. The mean I-NOSE score improved from 64.4 ± 23.6 to 22.1 ± 13.5 after septoplasty (p <0.001). The I-NOSE scale is a reliable, valid, self-administered, symptom-specific questionnaire; its application is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3087-3094
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume270
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

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Symptom Assessment
Nose
Reproducibility of Results
Nasal Obstruction
Visual Analog Scale
Validation Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Mozzanica, F., Urbani, E., Atac, M., Scottà, G., Luciano, K., Bulgheroni, C., ... Ottaviani, F. (2013). Reliability and validity of the Italian nose obstruction symptom evaluation (I-NOSE) scale. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, 270(12), 3087-3094.

Reliability and validity of the Italian nose obstruction symptom evaluation (I-NOSE) scale. / Mozzanica, Francesco; Urbani, Emanuele; Atac, Murat; Scottà, Gianluca; Luciano, Ketty; Bulgheroni, Chiara; De Cristofaro, Valeria; Gera, Roberto; Schindler, Antonio; Ottaviani, Francesco.

In: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Vol. 270, No. 12, 11.2013, p. 3087-3094.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mozzanica, F, Urbani, E, Atac, M, Scottà, G, Luciano, K, Bulgheroni, C, De Cristofaro, V, Gera, R, Schindler, A & Ottaviani, F 2013, 'Reliability and validity of the Italian nose obstruction symptom evaluation (I-NOSE) scale.', European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, vol. 270, no. 12, pp. 3087-3094.
Mozzanica F, Urbani E, Atac M, Scottà G, Luciano K, Bulgheroni C et al. Reliability and validity of the Italian nose obstruction symptom evaluation (I-NOSE) scale. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. 2013 Nov;270(12):3087-3094.
Mozzanica, Francesco ; Urbani, Emanuele ; Atac, Murat ; Scottà, Gianluca ; Luciano, Ketty ; Bulgheroni, Chiara ; De Cristofaro, Valeria ; Gera, Roberto ; Schindler, Antonio ; Ottaviani, Francesco. / Reliability and validity of the Italian nose obstruction symptom evaluation (I-NOSE) scale. In: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. 2013 ; Vol. 270, No. 12. pp. 3087-3094.
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