Reliability of Clinical Diagnosis of Dystonia

Ettore Beghi, Valentina Regio, Annamaria Papantonio, Anna Rita Bentivoglio, Alfonso Fasano, Danilo Fogli, Laura Giordano, Roberto Piolti, Giuseppe Rinaldi, Pasqualino Simone, Luigi M. Specchio, Pietro Tonali, Paola Torelli, Michele Zarrelli, Paolo Messina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: There is only one small single-center study on the reliability of the diagnosis of focal dystonia. The aim of this study was to assess the inter-rater reliability of dystonia diagnosis among neurologists with different professional experience. Methods: Twenty-nine adults (18 with dystonia, 9 with other movement disorders, and 2 healthy controls) were videotaped while undergoing neurological examination and during the process of collecting information on the history of their condition. Each case was diagnosed by 35 blind raters (12 general neurologists, 21 neurology residents, and 2 experts in movement disorders) from different hospitals. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated confronting raters with the gold standard (the caring physician). Inter-rater agreement was measured by the Kappa statistic. Results: Specificity and sensitivity were 95.2 and 66.7%, 76.3 and 75.2%, 84.6 and 71.6% for experts, general neurologists, and residents, respectively. Kappa values on dystonia diagnosis ranged from 0.30 to 0.46. The agreement was moderate for experts and residents (0.40-0.60) and fair for general neurologists (0.20-0.40). Kappas were the highest among experts for cranial and laryngeal dystonia (0.61-1), but not for cervical dystonia (0.37). Conclusions: The diagnosis of dystonia is difficult and only partially mirrors a physician's background.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-219
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroepidemiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Nov 13 2014

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Dystonia
Movement Disorders
Physicians
Dystonic Disorders
Torticollis
Sensitivity and Specificity
Neurologic Examination
Neurology
History
Neurologists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Beghi, E., Regio, V., Papantonio, A., Bentivoglio, A. R., Fasano, A., Fogli, D., ... Messina, P. (Accepted/In press). Reliability of Clinical Diagnosis of Dystonia. Neuroepidemiology, 213-219. https://doi.org/10.1159/000367628

Reliability of Clinical Diagnosis of Dystonia. / Beghi, Ettore; Regio, Valentina; Papantonio, Annamaria; Bentivoglio, Anna Rita; Fasano, Alfonso; Fogli, Danilo; Giordano, Laura; Piolti, Roberto; Rinaldi, Giuseppe; Simone, Pasqualino; Specchio, Luigi M.; Tonali, Pietro; Torelli, Paola; Zarrelli, Michele; Messina, Paolo.

In: Neuroepidemiology, 13.11.2014, p. 213-219.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Beghi, E, Regio, V, Papantonio, A, Bentivoglio, AR, Fasano, A, Fogli, D, Giordano, L, Piolti, R, Rinaldi, G, Simone, P, Specchio, LM, Tonali, P, Torelli, P, Zarrelli, M & Messina, P 2014, 'Reliability of Clinical Diagnosis of Dystonia', Neuroepidemiology, pp. 213-219. https://doi.org/10.1159/000367628
Beghi E, Regio V, Papantonio A, Bentivoglio AR, Fasano A, Fogli D et al. Reliability of Clinical Diagnosis of Dystonia. Neuroepidemiology. 2014 Nov 13;213-219. https://doi.org/10.1159/000367628
Beghi, Ettore ; Regio, Valentina ; Papantonio, Annamaria ; Bentivoglio, Anna Rita ; Fasano, Alfonso ; Fogli, Danilo ; Giordano, Laura ; Piolti, Roberto ; Rinaldi, Giuseppe ; Simone, Pasqualino ; Specchio, Luigi M. ; Tonali, Pietro ; Torelli, Paola ; Zarrelli, Michele ; Messina, Paolo. / Reliability of Clinical Diagnosis of Dystonia. In: Neuroepidemiology. 2014 ; pp. 213-219.
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abstract = "Background: There is only one small single-center study on the reliability of the diagnosis of focal dystonia. The aim of this study was to assess the inter-rater reliability of dystonia diagnosis among neurologists with different professional experience. Methods: Twenty-nine adults (18 with dystonia, 9 with other movement disorders, and 2 healthy controls) were videotaped while undergoing neurological examination and during the process of collecting information on the history of their condition. Each case was diagnosed by 35 blind raters (12 general neurologists, 21 neurology residents, and 2 experts in movement disorders) from different hospitals. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated confronting raters with the gold standard (the caring physician). Inter-rater agreement was measured by the Kappa statistic. Results: Specificity and sensitivity were 95.2 and 66.7{\%}, 76.3 and 75.2{\%}, 84.6 and 71.6{\%} for experts, general neurologists, and residents, respectively. Kappa values on dystonia diagnosis ranged from 0.30 to 0.46. The agreement was moderate for experts and residents (0.40-0.60) and fair for general neurologists (0.20-0.40). Kappas were the highest among experts for cranial and laryngeal dystonia (0.61-1), but not for cervical dystonia (0.37). Conclusions: The diagnosis of dystonia is difficult and only partially mirrors a physician's background.",
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AU - Beghi, Ettore

AU - Regio, Valentina

AU - Papantonio, Annamaria

AU - Bentivoglio, Anna Rita

AU - Fasano, Alfonso

AU - Fogli, Danilo

AU - Giordano, Laura

AU - Piolti, Roberto

AU - Rinaldi, Giuseppe

AU - Simone, Pasqualino

AU - Specchio, Luigi M.

AU - Tonali, Pietro

AU - Torelli, Paola

AU - Zarrelli, Michele

AU - Messina, Paolo

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N2 - Background: There is only one small single-center study on the reliability of the diagnosis of focal dystonia. The aim of this study was to assess the inter-rater reliability of dystonia diagnosis among neurologists with different professional experience. Methods: Twenty-nine adults (18 with dystonia, 9 with other movement disorders, and 2 healthy controls) were videotaped while undergoing neurological examination and during the process of collecting information on the history of their condition. Each case was diagnosed by 35 blind raters (12 general neurologists, 21 neurology residents, and 2 experts in movement disorders) from different hospitals. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated confronting raters with the gold standard (the caring physician). Inter-rater agreement was measured by the Kappa statistic. Results: Specificity and sensitivity were 95.2 and 66.7%, 76.3 and 75.2%, 84.6 and 71.6% for experts, general neurologists, and residents, respectively. Kappa values on dystonia diagnosis ranged from 0.30 to 0.46. The agreement was moderate for experts and residents (0.40-0.60) and fair for general neurologists (0.20-0.40). Kappas were the highest among experts for cranial and laryngeal dystonia (0.61-1), but not for cervical dystonia (0.37). Conclusions: The diagnosis of dystonia is difficult and only partially mirrors a physician's background.

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