Reliability of measuring the fat content of the lumbar vertebral marrow and paraspinal muscles using MRI mDIXON-quant sequence

Yong Zhang, Zhuang Zhou, Chao Wang, Xiaoguang Cheng, Ling Wang, Yangyang Duanmu, Chenxin Zhang, Nicola Veronese, Giuseppe Guglielmi

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Abstract

PURPOSE We aimed to assess the reliability of measuring the fat content of the lumbar vertebral marrow and the paraspinal muscles using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) mDIXON-Quant sequence. METHODS Thirty-one healthy volunteers were included. All participants underwent liver mDIXON-Quant imaging on a 3.0 T Philips MRI scanner by observer A. Within two weeks, observer B repeated the scan. After the examination, each observer independently measured the fat content of the third lumbar vertebra (L3), and the psoas (PS), erector spinae (ES), and multifidus (MF) muscles on central L3 axial images. After two weeks, each observer repeated the same measurements. They were blinded to their previous results. Reliability was estimated by evaluating the repeatability and reproducibility. RESULTS The repeatability of the fat content measurements of L3, PS, ES, and MF was high. The intraclass correlation coefficients of the fat content of L3, PS, ES, and MF were 0.997, 0.984, 0.997, and 0.995 for observer A and 0.948, 0.974, 0.963, and 0.995 for observer B, respectively. The reproducibility of the measurement of the fat content of L3, PS, ES, and MF was high, and the interclass correlation coefficients were 0.984, 0.981, 0.977, and 0.998, respectively. CONCLUSION Using mDIXON-Quant imaging to measure the fat content of the lumbar vertebral marrow and paraspinal muscles shows high reliability and is suitable for use in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-307
Number of pages6
JournalDiagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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