Reliability of SFEMG in diagnosing myasthenia gravis: Sensitivity and specificity calculated on 100 prospective cases

L. Padua, P. Caliandro, G. Di Iasi, C. Pazzaglia, F. Ciaraffa, A. Evoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The study aimed to determine the utility of single-fibre electromyography (SFEMG) in the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis (MG) in subjects with a clinical suspicion of the disease. Methods: We performed a prospective, single-blinded study on 100 consecutive patients. SFEMG was not considered a criterion in making the MG diagnosis. For all cases, a different physician than the one performing SFEMG made the diagnosis of MG. All subjects underwent standard SFEMG of a single muscle, the orbicularis oculi. Results: SFEMG was abnormal in 67 of 100 patients. A final diagnosis of definite MG was made in 54 patients (30 men/24 women). SFEMG was positive in 53 of 54 patients diagnosed with MG. The sensitivity of SFEMG in diagnosing MG was 98% (95% CI: 0.94-1.02), while the specificity was 70% (95% CI: 0.54-0.86), with a positive predictive value of 79% (95% CI: 0.74-0.79) and a negative predictive value of 97% (95% CI: 0.94-0.99). Conclusions: In this cohort of patients, normal SFEMG findings were unlikely to occur in patients with MG. Significance: SFEMG is not a confirmatory test for the diagnosis of MG, but it has a high negative predictive value in identifying patients without MG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1270-1273
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume125
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Neuromuscular transmission
  • Single-fibre electromyography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Sensory Systems
  • Medicine(all)

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