Reliability of the Phi angle to assess rotational alignment of the talar component in total ankle replacement

Luigi Manzi, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Cristian Indino, Jacopo Tamini, Pedro Berjano, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability of the Phi angle in patients undergoing total ankle replacement (TAR) for end stage ankle osteoarthritis (OA) to assess the rotational alignment of the talar component. Methods: Retrospective observational cross-sectional study of prospectively collected data. Post-operative anteroposterior radiographs of the foot of 170 patients who underwent TAR for the ankle OA were evaluated. Three physicians measured Phi on the 170 randomly sorted and anonymized radiographs on two occasions, one week apart (test and retest conditions), inter and intra-observer agreement were evaluated. Results: Test-retest reliability of Phi angle measurement was excellent for patients with Hintegra TAR (ICC = 0.995; p. <. 0.001) and Zimmer TAR (ICC = 0.995; p. <. 0.001) on radiographs of subjects with ankle OA. There were no significant differences in the reliability of the Phi angle measurement between patients with Hintegra vs. Zimmer implants (p. >. 0.05). Conclusions: Measurement of Phi angle on weight-bearing dorsoplantar radiograph showed an excellent reliability among orthopaedic surgeons in determining the position of the talar component in the axial plane.Level of evidence: Level II, cross sectional study.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFoot and Ankle Surgery
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Dec 2017


  • Ankle
  • Arthroplasty
  • Osteoarthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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