Remote effects of subcortical cerebrovascular lesions: A SPECT cerebral perfusion study

D. Perani, V. Di Piero, G. Lucignani, M. C. Gilardi, P. Pantano, C. Rossetti, C. Pozzilli, P. Gerundini, F. Fazio, G. L. Lenzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The remote effects of small unilateral cerebrovascular lesions confined to subcortical structures were evaluated by single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) and a CBF tracer, I-123 HIPDM. A CBF study was performed in 34 patients presenting with subcortical stroke either in the acute or in the chronic stages. Twenty-one of the 34 patients showed areas of cortical hypoperfusion ipsilateral to the subcortical lesion. In 14 patients, asymmetry of perfusion was also observed at the cerebellar level, perfusion being significantly reduced in the cerebellar hemisphere contralateral to the lesion. There was no correlation between the degree and extension of these remote effects and the type of stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic), the patency of cerebral arteries, or the size and site of the lesion by transmissive computerized tomography (TCT). Subcortical hematomas showed a correlation between occurrence of remote effects and time interval from the onset of stroke, occurring more frequently in the acute phase. A correlation was observed between cortical and cerebellar remote effects and the severity of clinical presentation. The causes of remote effects are still unclear and have been extensively debated. Our data indicate that there is a relationship of remote effect to the neurological status. It is possible to show, by noninvasive, low-cost methods, remote CBF effects after stroke that may contribute to the assessment of brain functional impairment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-567
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Neuroscience(all)

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