Chronic renal failure and the uremic state lead to accumulation of various endogenous inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase. Previous studies on end-stage uremic patients nitric oxide synthase activity in murine vascular endothelium and cytokine-induced macrophage cell lines was shown to be modulated during treatment (Nephrol Dial Transplant 1995; 10: 1386-96). Paired filtration dialysis, a modified hemodiafiltration technique, physically separates convection from diffusion. Plasmas, ultrafiltrates and dialysates from seven uremic patients undergoing paired filtration dialysis performed using ultrapure apyrogen substitution fluid in the absence (first 120 min) or presence (last 120 min) of extracellular fluid reduction were tested for their inhibitory/stimulatory effect on ecNOS, constitutively expressed on t.End 1 cell line, a murine vascular endothelium, or for their inducing effect on iNOS, inducible on J774 cells, a macrophage cell line. On ecNOS, Group 1 (stimulatory 3/7 patients) markedly enhanced the ecNOS activity as compared to control plasma, whereas group 2 plasma (inhibitory, 4/7 patients) inhibited ecNOS plasma. Post-dialysis plasma samples from all Group 1 and 2 patients showed a marked decrease of the predialysis stimulatory and inhibitory activity, respectively. On iNOS: all patient plasmas stimulated iNOS activity. The UF and particularly the dialysate had a remarkable iNOS inducing effect (Group 1). The substitution fluid obtained at 120 min during treatment in Group 1 and 2 had no effect on NOS activity. No correlation was found between predialysis ecNOS or iNOS activity values with mean systolic or diastolic pressures. These studies suggest a 1 complex balance of ecNOS inhibitors/stimulators and iNOS inducers in uremia. Dialysis may remove ecNOS inhibitors and stimulators by convection and, in the latter case, by diffusion. iNOS inducers are removed during dialysis, suggesting the biocompatibility of the dialysis system with the on-line production of ultrapure substitution fluid.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Artificial Organs|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
- Nitric oxide synthase
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