Renal Outcomes of Dialysis-Dependent Acute Kidney Injury in Noncritically Ill Patients: A Retrospective Study

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Abstract

Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication among hospitalized patients, potentially affecting short- and long-term clinical outcomes. In this retrospective study, we evaluated renal outcomes in noncritically ill patients who required acute hemodialysis (HD) because of an AKI episode occurring during hospitalization. Methods: Sixty-three hemodynamically stable patients with AKI undergoing acute intermittent HD were included. Kidney function was evaluated at baseline control (pre-AKI), at AKI diagnosis and during the follow-up. According to serum creatinine and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), we defined three clinical conditions: renal recovery, different stages of acute kidney disease (AKD), and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Results: Among the 63 patients evaluated, 34 patients (54%) had a history of CKD. Six patients (10%) presented early full renal recovery. HD treatment was stopped in 38 patients (60%), while 25 patients (40%) required maintenance HD. Dialysis-independent patients presented lower comorbidity and higher baseline eGFR and delta creatinine, compared to dialysis-dependent patients. Baseline CKD, previous AKI episodes, and parenchymal causes of AKI were associated with a significant risk of dialysis dependence. At 1-month control, 15 patients (39%) presented AKD stage 0, 6 patients (16%) AKD stage 1, and 17 patients (44%) AKD stage 2-3. At 3-month control, 29 out of 38 patients recovering from AKI (76%) presented CKD. AKD stage was significantly correlated with the risk of CKD development, which, resulted higher in patients with lower baseline eGFR. Conclusions: AKI might represent a risk factor for the development of chronic kidney damage, even in noncritically ill patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBlood Purification
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Acute kidney disease
  • Acute kidney injury
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Dialysis independence
  • Noncritically ill patients
  • Renal recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Nephrology

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