The indications and the choice of renal replacement therapy for lupus patients are similar to those for other uremic patients. However, lupus patients can pose some particular problems. First, 10-28% of patients needing dialysis can have a partial renal function recovery. Therefore, the clinician has to decide whether to administer a rescue treatment, risking side-effects, or to reduce immunosuppression precluding a potential recovery. Many patients on regular dialysis show subdued biological and clinical activity. Others can show a hectic disease activity, particularly in the 1st year. In these cases, treatment is difficult, as vigorous immunosuppression can expose uremic patients to severe side-effects. The presence of circulating antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) can favor thrombosis or stenosis of vascular access (VA). Renal transplantation is the best therapy for most lupus patients with end-stage renal failure. Many, but not all, studies have reported similar patient and graft survival rates in lupus and in non-lupus transplant recipients. The results are much better with living donor transplantation. Patients with aPL, black patients and those on long-term dialysis have a higher graft failure risk. Candidates with active lupus and/or those with significant iatrogenic morbidity should be advised to wait 6-12 months before transplantation. The recurrence risk of lupus nephritis ranged between 2% and 30% in different studies. The histological picture does not usually show severe features. Antiplatelet agents or anticoagulation can be advised for aPL patients.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Nephrology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2003|
- Lupus nephritis
- Peritoneal dialysis
- Renal transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas