BACKGROUND: The prevalence of post-transplant malignancies, in renal transplant recipients, is higher than that expected in age and sex-matched controls from the general population, and there is a markedly increased incidence of certain cancers. METHODS: In 1137 renal transplant recipients (1020 from cadaveric and 117 from living donors, M/F 771/366) performed at the S.Orsola Renal Transplantation Centre since 10/1976 to 9/2001, we studied the post-transplant cancer prevalence, the correlation between cancer prevalence and population characteristics, the risk factors (smoke, cancer history, positive HBsAg and antiHCV infection) and the immunosuppressive therapy. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of malignancies was 3.86% (52 malignancies in 44 patients). The period between transplant and diagnosis of malignant disease was 59 +/- 85 months. Skin cancer was the most common (n=16; 30.7%), followed by lymphoproliferative disorders (n=8; 15.4%), Kaposi s sarcoma (n=6; 11.5%), uterine cancer (n=6; 11.5%), renal carcinoma of native kidney (n=5; 9.6%), cancer of breast/stomach/pancreas and urinary bladder (n=2; 3.8%) and other cancers (n=5; 9.6%). The mean duration of dialysis before transplantation was longer in cancer patients (41+/- 32.1 vs. 33.5 +/- 32.4 months). We found a correlation between types of malignancies and viral infection in NH-lymphoma (EBV positive 4/4) and skin cancer (HZV positive 13/16). We also detected a correlation between Aza and skin cancer (16/22) and CyA and lymphoproliferative disorders (7/8).
|Translated title of the contribution||Renal transplantation and malignancies: A single-centre experience (25 years)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Giornale italiano di nefrologia : organo ufficiale della Società italiana di nefrologia|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas