From 1987 to 1990, 72 consecutive patients with primary untreated vulvar cancer underwent radical vulvar surgery with skin flaps reconstruction of the perineal defect. Postoperative complications, anatomical and functional results of this group of patients were compared with those of an historical control group of 77 patients submitted, at the same institution, to radical vulvectomy without reconstructive procedure from 1982 through 1986. The time of operation was significantly longer (180 minutes ± 15 versus 120 minutes ± 20) (p = 0.05) for patients submitted to the reconstructive procedure, while there was no statistically significant difference in intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay between the 2 groups. In comparison with direct closure, reconstructive procedures resulted in a significant lower rate of wound dehiscences (26% versus 64%) (p = 0.0001), vaginal introitus stenosis (2 versus 8) (p = 0.0001), sexual dysfunction (10% versus 50%) (p = 0.0001) and misdirection of the urinary stream (1 versus 5) (p = 0.001). It was concluded that skin flaps reconstruction is simple, reduces postoperative morbidity, and provides better anatomical and functional results than direct closure of the perineal defect.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology