Reproducibility and clinical value of the trough-to-peak ratio of the antihypertensive effect: Evidence from the sample study

Stefano Omboni, Roberto Fogari, Paolo Palatini, Alessandro Rappelli, Giuseppe Mancia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objectives of our study were to assess the reproducibility of the trough-to-peak ratio (T/P) and to see whether a high T/P is accompanied by more organ protection or vice versa. The study included 175 (mean±SD age, 51±9 years) subjects with mild-moderate essential hypertension who had echocardiographic evidence of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy taken from the SAMPLE study (Study on Ambulatory Monitoring of Blood Pressure and Lisinopril Evaluation), an open-label multicenter study. The study included a 3-week washout pretreatment period, a 12-month treatment period with lisinopril (n = 84) or lisinopril plus hydrochlorothiazide (n=91) once daily, and a 4-week placebo follow-up period. Results of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and echocardiographic determination of left ventricular mass index (LVMI) were obtained before and after 3 and 12 months of treatment. T/Ps were computed in each patient by dividing the systolic and diastolic blood pressure changes at trough (changes in the last 2 hours of the monitoring period) by those at peak (average of the 2 adjacent hours with the maximal blood pressure reduction between the 2nd and 8th hour from drug intake) after 3 and 12 months of treatment. Average 24-hour blood pressure was similarly reduced at 3 and 12 months. Trough blood pressure changes at 3 and 12 months were closely correlated, as were the corresponding peak blood pressure changes. However, the 3- and 12-month T/Ps correlated to a lesser degree (r

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-429
Number of pages6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1998


  • Antihypertensive agents
  • Blood pressure monitoring, ambulatory
  • Hydrochlorothiazide
  • Hypertrophy, left ventricular
  • Lisinopril
  • Trough-to-peak ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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