Reproducible noninvasive method for evaluation of glenoid bone loss by multiplanar reconstruction curved computed tomographic imaging using a cadaveric model

Massimo De Filippo, Alessandro Castagna, Lynne Susan Steinbach, Mario Silva, Giorgio Concari, Giuseppe Pedrazzi, Francesco Pogliacomi, Nicola Sverzellati, Dario Petriccioli, Marco Vitale, Francesco Ceccarelli, Maurizio Zompatori, Cristina Rossi

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Abstract

Purpose: To determine if the measurement of the glenoid surface by computed tomography (CT) with curved multiplanar reconstructions (cMPR) in a cadaveric model is an accurate and reproducible technique. Methods: Ten dried cadaveric glenoid specimens were used. Two glenoids were subsequently modified mechanically to induce a bony Bankart lesion. Three skilled musculoskeletal radiologists performed cMPR on computed tomographic images of the glenoids; one of the radiologists repeated the same measurements after 3 months. Two of the 3 operators used the traditional "flat" MPR method as a control. An optical scanning system using a high-precision laser (CAM2 Laser Line Probe, Faro Technologies, Lake Mary, FL) was used as a reference. From the data obtained, an evaluation was performed for variability, degree of interoperator and intraoperator agreement, and degree of agreement between the laser and CT methods. Statistical analysis was performed with PASW-SPSS, version 18 (IBM, Armonk, NY) and R, version 2.12 statistical package. Results: The average difference between the 2 sets of cMPR measurements was approximately 1%, and maximum and minimum values were between 6.02% and -0.29%. The flat MPR method showed mean differences of 16% when compared with laser scanning, and maximum and minimum values were 31% and 8%, respectively. The interoperator variability for the "curved" method was limited and showed a coefficient of variation ranging from 0.78% to 2.82%. The Cronbach alpha coefficient for this set of measurements was alpha = 0.995. There was little intraoperator variability with the coefficient of variation between 0% and 2% and an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.989. Conclusions: The use of cMPR computed tomographic imaging of the glenoid in a cadaveric model was found to be significantly more accurate than conventional MPR (flat MPR). Moreover, cMPR CT is a reproducible technique providing reliable information despite the relevant variable anatomy of the glenoid surface. This technique could reasonably also be used in a clinical setting as a more accurate noninvasive method. Clinical of Relevance: This technique could also reasonably be used in a clinical setting as a more accurate noninvasive method.

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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