Republished review: Systematic review and meta-analysis of psychomotor effects of mobile phone electromagnetic fields

Elia Valentini, Michele Ferrara, Fabio Presaghi, Luigi de Gennaro, Giuseppe Curcio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives Over the past 10 years there has been increasing concern about the possible behavioural effects of mobile phone use. This systematic review and metaanalysis focuses on studies published since 1999 on the human cognitive and performance effects of mobile phone-related electromagnetic fields (EMF). Methods PubMed, Biomed, Medline, Biological Sciences, PsychInfo, PsycARTICLES, Environmental Sciences and Pollution Management, Neurosciences Abstracts and Web of Science professional databases were searched and 24 studies selected for metaanalysis. Each study had to have at least one psychomotor measurement result as a main outcome. Data were analysed using standardised mean difference (SMD) as the effect size measure. Results Only three tasks (2-back, 3-back and simple reaction time (SRT)) displayed significant heterogeneity, but after studies with extreme SMD were excluded using sensitivity analysis, the statistical significance disappeared (χ2(7)=1.63, p=0.20; χ2(6)=1.00, p=0.32; χ2(10)=14.04, p=0.17, respectively). Following sensitivity analysis, the effect of sponsorship and publication bias were assessed. Meta-regression indicated a significant effect (b1/40.12, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-651
Number of pages9
JournalPostgraduate Medical Journal
Volume87
Issue number1031
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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