Rescue FK506 early conversion for refractory rejection after pediatric liver transplantation: Experience in 20 children

P. Reggiani, B. Gridelli, M. Colledan, G. Rossi, A. Lucianetti, D. Galmarini, L. R. Fassati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Tacrolimus (FK506) is an effective and relatively safe novel immunosuppressant able to revert refractory rejection after pediatric liver transplantation (LTx). Between April 1993 and October 1996, 20 pediatric patients were converted to tacrolimus for biopsy-proven, steroid-resistant liver rejection. The mean follow-up was 18 months. The median time from LTx to switch was 20 days. Tacrolimus was administered per os at a mean dosage of 0.23 mg/kg per day to maintain median blood levels of 10.8 ng/ml at 1 week and 9.2 ng/ml at 1 year from the switch. Of the 20 patients, 15 are alive and they all recovered from rejection without the need of OKT3 after conversion. The major causes of death were: one multiorgan failure, two infections (cytomegalovirus Aspergillus), one bowel perforation, and one posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease. One patient experienced late side effects and was reconverted to cyclosporine when she was already rescued from hepatic allograft rejection. The results confirm that an earlier conversion to tacrolimus should be recommended after pediatric liver transplantation in order to revert hepatic allograft rejection with the best safety profile.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTransplant International
Volume11
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Child
  • Human
  • Liver transplantation
  • Tacrolimus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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