Resection of liver metastases from colorectal mucinous adenocarcinoma: Is this a different disease? Results of a case-control study

Luca Viganò, Nadia Russolillo, Alessandro Ferrero, Giovanni De Rosa, Erika Ferreri, Fabio Forchino, Elisa Sperti, Lorenzo Capussotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To compare outcomes following liver resection of colorectal metastases (CRLM) from mucinous adenocarcinoma (Muc-CRLM) versus nonmucinous adenocarcinoma (non-Muc-CRLM). Background: Among colorectal adenocarcinomas, 10%-15% are mucinous and haveworse prognoses than nonmucinous ones. Outcomes of liver resection for Muc-CRLM remain unknown. Methods: Among 701 patients undergoing liver resection for CRLM between 1998 and 2012, 102 (14.6%) had Muc-CRLM. Each was matched with a non- Muc-CRLM patient, based on tumor N status, disease-free interval (DFI) between primary tumor and metastases, CRLM number and diameter, extrahepatic disease, and preoperative chemotherapy. Results: Within the 2 groups, 69.6% of patients hadN+primary tumor, 72.5% had DFI of less than 12 months, 28.4% had 4 or more CRLM, and 22.5% had associated extrahepatic disease. 59.8% of patients received preoperative chemotherapy.Muc-CRLM patients had higher prevalences of right/transverse colon cancer (55.9% vs 29.4%; P <0.0001) and K-ras mutation (67 patients tested, 61.8% vs 36.4%; P = 0.037), as well as lower response to preoperative chemotherapy (63.9% vs 85.2%; P = 0.006). Multivariate analysis showed Muc-CRLM to have lower rates of 5-year overall (33.2% vs 55.2%; P = 0.010) and disease-free survival (32.5% vs 49.3%; P = 0.037). Muc-CRLM recurrence was more often peritoneal (20.3% vs 6.5%; P = 0.024) and at multiple sites (47.5% vs 21.0%; P=0.002), and had lower rates of re-resection (16.9% vs 43.5%; P = 0.002) and 3-year post-recurrence survival (11.7% vs 43.4%; P = 0.0003). Conclusions: Muc-CRLM patients strongly differed from non-Muc-CRLM patients, showing a lower chemotherapy response and higher K-ras mutation prevalence. Muc-CRLM appears to be a separate disease, which is associated with worse survival and aggressive rarely re-resectable recurrences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)878-885
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume260
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Colorectal liver metastases
  • K-ras mutation
  • Liver surgery
  • Mucinous colorectal cancer
  • Preoperative chemotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

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