Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by exaggerated keratinocyte proliferation. Current paradigm indicates that psoriasis is driven by T cell-mediated immune responses targeting keratinocytes. However, psoriasis cannot be explained solely on the basis of T-cell activation, and it is likely that intrinsic alterations in epidermal keratinocytes play a very relevant role in disease expression. In particular, keratinocytes may be important in initiating, sustaining, and amplifying the inflammatory responses by expressing molecules involved in T-cell recruitment, retention, and activation. Keratinocytes are also a relevant source of growth factors for angiogenesis. Finally, intrinsic defects in cytokine and growth factor signaling in keratinocytes may be responsible for their aberrant hyperproliferation and differentiation to T cell-derived signals. Other skin resident cells such as fibroblasts, mast cells, and endothelial cells also contribute to psoriasis pathogenesis by expressing molecules involved in T-cell recruitment and activation.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinics in Dermatology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas