Residential care in Italy: National survey of non-hospital facilities

G. De Girolamo, A. Picardi, R. Micciolo, I. Falloon, A. Fioritti, P. Morosini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: In Italy, where all mental hospitals have been gradually phased out since 1978, psychiatric patients requiring long-term care are being treated in non-hospital residential facilities (NHRFs). However, detailed data on these facilities are sparse. Aims: The Progetto Residenze (PROGRES) residential care project is a three-phase study, the first phase of which aims to survey the main characteristics of all Italian NHRFs. Method: Structured interviews were conducted with the manager of each NHRF. Results On 31 May 2000 there were 1370 NHRFs with 17 138 beds; an average of 12.5 beds each and a rate of 2.98 beds per 10 000 inhabitants. Residential provision varied ten-fold between regions and discharge rates were very low. Most had 24-hour staffing with 1.42 patients per full-time worker. Conclusions: There is marked variability in the provision of residential places between different regions; discharge rates are generally low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-225
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Issue numberSEPT.
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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