Background: Residual telomerase activity (TA) could be used as a marker of malignant or normal cell survival after exposure to cytotoxic agents. Therefore TA after treatment with ionizing radiation was used in a radiosensitivity assay. Materials and Methods: Radiosensitive MOLT-4 and relatively radioresistant Jurkat leukemia cells of normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNC) were irradiated with 5-160 Gy. Cell count, MTT assay and telomerase activity were evaluated on day 3 and clonogenic assay on day 10. Results: In Jurkat cells, irradiation inhibited tumor growth and total TA per culture (TA/culture), but up-regulated TA per viable cell (TA/cell). TA/culture and TA/cell were profoundly depressed by irradiation of MOLT-4 or phytohemagglutinin-activated MNC. Conclusion: Susceptibility of normal or neoplastic cells to high-dose radiation can be monitored by evaluating residual TA/culture. In some cases, however, difficulties in the interpretation of the results could stem from radiation-induced increase of TA/cell, as observed for the Jurkat cell line.
|Number of pages||9|
|Issue number||6 C|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research