Resilience, psychological well-being and daily functioning following hospitalization for respiratory distress due to sars-cov-2 infection

Michelangelo Dini, Barbara Poletti, Sofia Tagini, Maria Rita Reitano, Elisa Allocco, Ketti Mazzocco, Gabriella Pravettoni, Bernardo Dell’osso, Antonella D’Arminio Monforte, Stefano Centanni, Alberto Priori, Roberta Ferrucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has affected people’s psychological well-being, and hospitalized patients could face an even greater risk of psychological distress. We aimed to study resilience in recovered COVID-19 patients after hospital discharge. We recruited 50 patients (38 males, aged 28–77) who were hospitalized for COVID-19 between March and April 2020. Participants underwent a psychological assessment 5 months after hospital discharge. We administered the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-25), Beck’s Depression inventory-II (BDI-II), and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Y-form (STAI). We also evaluated the impact of persisting physical, behavioral, and cognitive symptoms on resilience. Patients reported low resilience in the months following hospital discharge (CD-RISC-25 score [mean ± SD] = 55.82 ± 20.76), compared to data from studies on the general population. Lower resilience was associated with mood disturbances in the months following clinical recovery (p = 0.005), persisting fatigue (p = 0.015), sleep changes (p = 0.046), and subjective cognitive complaints (p < 0.05). Recovered COVID-19 patients exhibit low resilience following hospital discharge, which affects psychological well-being. The presence of persisting symptoms following hospital discharge affects psychological resilience. Interventions tailored to increase resilience should be considered to improve quality of life for recovered COVID-19 patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1161
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Persisting symptoms
  • Psychological well-being
  • Resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Policy
  • Health Information Management
  • Leadership and Management

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