Four hundred and ninety-three consecutive patients referred for arterial or venous thrombosis were screened for congenital and acquired abnormalities of blood coagulation predisposing to thrombosis, end were compared to 341 age- and sex-matched controls. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of resistance to activated protein C (APC), a defect shown to have different prevalences in different ethnic groups and to be associated with an increased risk of thrombosis. Seventy- three (15%) patients had both APC resistance and the 1691 G to A factor V gone mutation, compared to 6/341 (2%) controls. Seven patients had antithrombin deficiency (1.4%), 11 had protein C deficiency (2.2%), and 4 had protein S deficiency (0.8%). The relative risk of thrombosis in APC-resistant patients was 9.4. Resistance to APC was associated mainly with venous thrombosis, the moat frequent being deep-vein thrombosis of the lower limbs. Fifty-eight percent of APC-resistant patients had an associated risk factor at the first thrombotic event: pregnancy and oral contraceptive intake were associated with the first thrombotic episode in 35% and 30% of women, respectively. APC resistance is the most frequent defect of blood coagulation in the general population and in the unselected thrombotic population studied by us.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Hematology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1997|
- APC resistance
- Protein C
- Protein S
ASJC Scopus subject areas