Background: This study aims to investigate the responsiveness and the minimum important change of the Italian version of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI-I) in subjects with symptomatic specific low back pain associated with lumbar spondylolisthesis (SPL). Materials and methods: One hundred and fifty-one patients with symptomatic SPL completed the ODI-I, a 0–100 numerical rating scale (NRS), and performed the prone and supine bridge tests. The global perception of effectiveness was measured with a 7-point Likert scale. Responsiveness was assessed by distribution methods (minimum detectable change [MDC], effect size [ES], standardized response mean [SRM]) and anchor-based methods (ROC curves). Results: The MDC was 4.23, the ES was 0.95 and the SRM was 1.25. ROC analysis revealed an area under the curve of 0.76 indicating moderate discriminating capacity. The best cut-off point for the dichotomous outcome was 7.5 (sensitivity 90.3%, specificity 56.7%). . Conclusions: The ODI-I proved to be responsive in detecting changes after conservative treatment in subjects with lumbar SPL. Level of evidence: II.
- Low back pain
- Oswestry Disability Index
- Outcome measures
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine