Responsiveness of the Oswestry Disability Index and the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire in Italian subjects with sub-acute and chronic low back pain

Marco Monticone, Paola Baiardi, Carla Vanti, Silvano Ferrari, Paolo Pillastrini, Raffaele Mugnai, Calogero Foti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction An ability to assess longitudinal changes in health status is crucial for the outcome measures used in treatment efficacy trials. The aim of this study was to verify the responsiveness of the Italian versions of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) in subjects with subacute or chronic low back pain (LBP). Material and methods At the beginning and end of an 8 week rehabilitation programme, 179 patients completed a booklet containing the ODI, the RMDQ, a 0-10 numerical rating scale (NRS), and the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). A global perception of change scale was also completed at the end of the programme, and collapsed to produce a dichotomous outcome (i.e. improved vs. not improved). Responsiveness was assessed by means of distribution methods [minimum detectable change (MDC); effect size (ES); standardised response mean (SRM)] and anchorbased methods (ROC curves). Results The MDC for the ODI and RMDQ was, respectively, 13.67 and 4.87; the ESwas 0.53 and 0.68; and the SRM was 0.80 and 0.81. ROC analysis revealed an area under the curve of 0.71 for the ODI and 0.64 for the RMDQ, thus indicating discriminating capacity; the best cut-off point for the dichotomous outcome was 9.5 for the ODI (sensitivity 76% and specificity 63%) and 2.5 for the RMDQ (sensitivity 62% and specificity 55%). These estimates were comparable between the subacute and chronic subjects. Both the ODI and the RMDQ moderately correlated with the SF-36 and NRS (Spearman's and Pearson's correlation coefficients of>0.30). Conclusion The Italian ODI and RMDQ proved to be sensitive in detecting clinical changes after conservative treatment for subacute and chronic LBP.Our findings are consistentwith those published in the literature, thus allowing cross-cultural comparisons and stimulating cross-national studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-129
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Spine Journal
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Low back pain
  • Oswestry Disability Index
  • Outcome measures
  • Responsiveness
  • Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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